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Dr. Ghulam Akbar

Senior Advisor- Programme Development

  • PhD. (Rangeland Ecology) from Utah State University, Logan, USA     (1991-94)
  • MSc (Forestry): Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar (1984-86). 1st Division (Silver medalist)
  • BSc (Forestry): Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar (1973-75). 1st Division (Silver medalist).

Mr. Ghulam Akbar brings with him, 25+ years of extensive experience in the realms of Environment, Forestry and Wildlife. He has been associated with RG as Senior Advisor- Programme, since, September 2015. In the past, he has worked on prominent positions in numerous renowned Organizations, i.e. WWF-Pakistan, USAID/ICARDA, Arid Zone Research Institute, Bahawalpur, Rangeland Research Institute, National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad etc, and has supervised numerous development projects. Moreover, he has served as a trainer for SAARC Secretariat, National Agricultural Research Council, PRSP, UNDP SGP, Forest & Wildlife Departments, WWF and many other organizations.

 Further, he has published numerous books on environment, forestry and wildlife. His major achievements during his academic & professional career are as follows:

Research Publications:

  1. Anjum Amin, Ghulam Akbar, Maqsood Ahmad & Munir Ahmad. 1980. Preliminary survey of vegetation of Margallah hills with relation to wildlife species. Pak. J. Sci. Studies. 21(1&2):1-4.
  1. Anjum Amin and Ghulam Akbar. 1984. Habitat analysis of Cheer pheasant (Catreus wallichii) in Margalla hills. Pak. J. For 34 (2): 79-82.
  1. Wahid Rashid, Munir Ahmad, Ghulam Akbar, Mohammad Khan, K. N. Babar and Abdul Qayyum. 1988. A preliminary study on the vegetation of Rawal experimental sub-catchment area. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 31(12):848-851.
  1. I. Sultani, Zafaruddin and Ghulam Akbar. 1989. Testing and adaptation study on the exotic mulberry varieties for foliage yield. Pak. J. For. 39(1):11-14.
  1. Munir Ahmad, Maqsood Anwar and Ghulam Akbar. 1989. Effect of exclosure on the vegetation composition and forage yield of Bannigala reserve forest. Pak. J. Agric. Res. 10(2):149-157.
  1. Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Ghulam Akbar. 1989. Status of desertification in Pakistan – A review. Pak. J. For. 39(2):79-87.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Munir Ahmad, Shahid Rafique and K. N. Babar. 1990. Effect of trees on the yield of wheat crop. Agroforestry Systems 11:1-10.
  1. Mohammad Arshad, Altaf-ur-Rehman Rao, Munir Akhtar and Ghulam Akbar. 1995. Potential genetic adaptability of Cymbopogon jwarancusa (Jones) Schult. from Cholistan desert. Sarhad J. Agri. XI (1)63-69.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Shahid Rafique and Mohammad Asghar. 1994. Evaluation of different exotic grass species in upland Balochistan. Pak. J. For. 44 (1):1-8.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, C. A. Call and R. D. Wiedmeier. 1995. Cattle dungpat microenvironmental effects on germination and establishment of crested wheatgrass. Jour. Arid Soil Res. & Rehabilitation 9:409-422.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Taj N. Khan and Mohammad Arshad. 1996. Cholistan desert – Pakistan. Rangelands 18(4):124-128.
  1. Munir Ahmad, Faqir A. Raza, Ghulam Akbar and Mohammad Arshad. 1998. Ecological assessment of rangeland vegetation in southern Attock: Phytosociology. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res. 41(5):251-255.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Taj N. Khan and Mohammad Arshad. 1996. Desert grass rehabilitation strategies for Cholistan desert. Pak. J. For. 46(1-4):63-72.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, S. N. Mirza and Mirza B. Baig. 1999. Assessment of current ecological features of vegetation and sustainable use of mountain rangelands in Balochistan. Jour. Science Vision 4(4):33-39.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Mirza B. Baig and M. I. Sultani. 1999. Sustainable rangeland management in upland Balochistan: A challenging frontier. Jour Science Vision 5(1): 35-41.
  1. Mirza B. Baig., G. Akbar, Gary S. Straquadine and A. Razzaq. 1999. Agroforestry extension and technology-transfer to farmers in Pakistan. Jour Science Vision 5(1): 42-50.
  1. Gary S. Straquadini, Mirza. B. Baig and Ghulam Akbar. 1999. Transfer of technology: From acceptance to action in international agroforestry development. J. Science Vision. 4(3):36-43
  1. Mohammad Arshad Altaf-ur-Rehman Rao, Ghulam Akbar and Munir Akhtar. 1999. Eco-physiological adaptability potential of Sporobolus iocladus in Cholistan desert. Pak. J. Bio. Sci. 2(4):1604 – 1607.
  1. Qamar, I. A., M. I. Sultani and Ghulam Akbar. 2000. Impact of protection on forage yield and vegetation cover in Suketar Valley of Mirpur (Azad Kashmir). J. Bio. Sci. 3(11):1957-1961.
  1. Ghulam Akbar and Muhammad Arshad. 2000. Developing sustainable strategies for Cholistan desert: Opportunities and perspectives. J. Science Vision. 5(3):
  1. Ghulam Akbar, M.B. Baig., M. Asif. 2000. Social aspects in launching successful agroforestry projects in developing countries. J. Sci. Vision. 5(4): 52-58.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Taj N. Khan and Mohammad Arshad. 1998 Potential of hedgerow intercropping for food and fodder productivity. Pak. J. Plant Sci. 4(1).
  1. Mohammad Rashid Awan, Muqarrab Shah, Ghulam Akbar and Saleem Ahmad. 2001. Traditional uses of economically important plants of Chitral district, Malakand division, NWFP, Pakistan. Pak. J. Botany. Vol. 33. Special Issue.587-598.
  1. Ghulam Akbar. 2001. Comparison of three rangeland ecological models: Which and where fits the best- A Review. Pak. J. For. 51(1):65-74.
  1. Ghulam Akbar. 2002. Feasibility of silvo-pastoral models for saline-sodic soils in arid climate. J. Science Vision. 8(1):116-121.
  1. Mohammad Arshad, Ghulam Akbar and Samia Rashid. 2002. Wealth of medicinal plants of Cholistan desert. J. Hamdard Medicus. XIV(4):25-34.
  1. Mohammad Arshad and Ghulam Akbar. 2002. Benchmark plant communities of Cholistan desert. Pakistan. Pak. J. Biological. Sci. 5(10): 1110-1113.
  1. Mehjabeen Abidi-Habib, Emily C. Woodhouse, Ghulam Akbar, Amin U. Khan and Rab Nawaz. 2010. Resilience and future shock in the Indus Delta: A social-ecological systems view of Keti Bunder in Sindh, Pakistan. Jour. Social and Policy Sciences Vol.10(1):93-123.
  1. Makhdoom, Arif Hamid, Ghulam Akbar, Asad Imran, A. R. Bhutto, Lall Khan Babar, Muhammad Abubakar and Liaqat Ali Khan. 2012. Reducing cotton footprint through widespread implementation of Better Management Practices (BMPs) in Pakistan. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan 21:51-55 (2012).
  1. Iqbal, Muhammad Jamshed, Masood Arshad, Ghulam Akbar. Some observations on threatened and near threatened avifauna of Pakista. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan 21:65-72 (2012).
  1. Nasir, S. Mahmood and Ghulam Akbar. 2012. Effect of River Indus flow on low riparian ecosystems of Sindh: a review paper. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan 21:86-89 (2012).
  1. Qureshi, Rahmatullah and Ghulam Akbar. 2009. Preliminary floristic list of Chotiari Wetland Complex, Nawab Shah, Sindh, Pakistan. Pak. J. Bot. Vol 40(6):2281-2288.
  1. Arshad, M. Ghulam Akbar, Inam Ullah Khan. 2012. Pakistan National Wetlands Policy. Short Communication. Rec. Zool. Surv. Pakistan 21:96-98 (2012).
  1. Changes in the avifauna of the wetlands of District Sanghar, Sindh, Pakistan, Muhammad Rais, Darakhshan Abbass, Muhammad Zaheer Khan, Iqbal Saeed, Khan, Syed Ali Ghalib, Fozia Tabbassum, Ghulam Akber, Rab Nawaz. Фауна інаселення Беркут 17 Вип. 1-2 2008 13 – 24

 Popular Articles:

  1. Anjum Amin and Ghulam Akbar. 1987. Prospects of wildlife development in Pakistan. Progressive Farming 7(6):5-12.
  1. Ghulam Akbar and Noor Mohammad. 1987. Forest fires, their causes, effects and control. Progressive Farming. 7(2):32-34.
  1. Maazullah Khan, Ghulam Akbar & Noor Mohammad. 1987. Establishment of forest nursery for farm forestry purposes. Progressive Farming 7 (4&5):61-64.
  1. Maqsood Ahmed, Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Ghulam Akbar. 1988. Greening the cities. Progressive Farming 8 (3): 21-26.
  1. Anjum Amin, Ghulam Akbar and Munir Ahmad. 1988. Shelterbelts increase agricultural productivity in dry areas. Progressive Farming 8 (5):54-58.
  1. Maqsood Ahmed, Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Ghulam Akbar. 1988. Vegetation manipulation for range improvement. Progressive Farming 9 (1):34-38.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Maqsood Ahmed. 1989. Agroforestry: a new horizon for wood production and increased farm income. – I. Sustainable development – a challenge. Progressive Farming 9 (2):32-38.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Maqsood Ahmed. 1989. Agroforestry: a new horizon for wood production and increased farm income. II. Past history and future prospects. Progressive Farming 9 (3):32-40.
  1. Maqsood Ahmed and Ghulam Akbar. 1989. Poisonous and injurious range plants of Pakistan. Progressive Farming 9 (4):41-44.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Mirza Mohammad Ashraf and Maqsood Ahmed. 1990. Agroforestry: a new horizon for wood production and increased farm income. – III. Role in ecosystem stability. Progressive Farming 10 (1):30-37.
  1. Ghulam Akbar and Mirza Mohammad Ashraf. 1991. Agroforestry in Pakistan: Two commentaries (Traditional practices). Agroforestry today. 3(4):8-9.
  1. Talat Farid Ahmad, Ghulam Akbar and Imtiaz Ahmad. 1992. Developing Cholistan desert – A perspective. Progressive Farming 12 (6):35-40.
  1. Ghulam Akbar, Sarwat N. Mirza and Irshad Begum. 1995. Rangeland development in Balochistan. . Progressive Farming 15 (2):35-40.
  1. Irshad Begum, Sarwat N. Mirza and Ghulam Akbar. 1995. Biodiversity of rangeland species in highland Balochistan. Progressive Farming 15 (2):41-45.
  1. Mirza Sarwat Naz, Ghulam Akbar and Irshad Begum. 1995. Land Degradation and its control in highland Balochistan. Progressive Farming 15 (2):46-451.
  1. B. Baig, Ghulam Akbar and Michael R. Whiteman. 1998. Factors facilitating or impeding success of agroforestry projects in developing countries. Euronews 1(2):42-44.
  1. Arshad, M; Altaf-ur-Rehman Rao and Ghulam Akbar. 1999. Masters of Disaster in Cholistan Desert, Pakistan. I. Pattern of nomadic migration. Desertification Bulletin, UNEP, Nairobi, Kenya
  1. Ghulam Akbar and S. U. Ahmad. 2000. Perspectives of biodiversity conservation in Northern Pakistan. Submitted for publication in Natura.
  1. Ghulam Akbar. 2003. Cholistan: An unexploited land of spectacular beauty and rich biodiversity. Wildlife & Environment. January – March 2003 (Special Issue). Pp:21-23.

Papers published in Proceedings of Workshops/Symposia/Conferences:

  1. Ghulam Akbar and Mirza Mohammad Ashraf. 1989. Potential of farmlands for agroforestry development in Pakistan. A paper presented in National workshop on Agroforestry held at Punjab Forestry Research Institute, Faisalabad, Pakistan from April 3-5, 1989.


  1. Ghulam Akbar, Bakht Roidar Khan and Shahid Rafique. 1989. Sailaba (Rodkohi) agriculture in Balochistan. In: Proceedings of the National workshop on Rodkohi irrigation system at Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan from November 27-29, 1989.


  1. Arid land Resources of Pakistan. A paper presented and published in National Seminar on people’s participation in the management of Resources in Arid Lands Held at Cholistan Institute of Desert studies, Islamia University, Bahawalpur from November 11-13, 1991.


  1. Ghulam Akbar and Mirza Mohammad Ashraf. 1991. Importance of multipurpose tree species in agroforestry. Paper presented in National workshop on Multipurpose Tree Species (MPTs) held at Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar from February 15-16, 1989.


  1. ungpat micro-environmental effects on germination and establishment of crested wheat grass. Paper presented and published in 47 annual meeting of society of Range Management at Colorado springs, USA (12-17 Feb., 1994).


  1. Priorities for Range Research in Highland Balochistan-Pakistan. Paper presented and published in the Highland sub-regional coordination meeting in dryland pasture and forage legumes, held at Ankara, Turkey from 20-22 October,1992. Published in Dryland Pasture and Forage legume Network News special issue No. 7 June 1993. ICARDA, Syria.


  1. Sustainable Rangeland Management in Upland Balochistan: A Challenging Frontier. In :“Sustainable Agriculture in Dry and Cold Mountain Areas” held at Quetta from 25-27 September, 1995.


  1. Assessment of Current Ecological Features of Vegetation and Sustainable Use of Mountain Rangelands in Balochistan. In: “Sustainable Agriculture in Dry and Cold Mountain Areas” held at Quetta from 25-27 September, 1995.


  1. “Forage and Pasture in Relation to Forests and Watersheds”. In: “Forage/Fodder production in Pakistan” organized by FAO & Fodder Program at NARC, Islamabad from March 25-27, 1996.


  1. “Human induced pressures resulting in land degradation in Pakistan”. A paper presented in Regional workshop on “Trans-boundary Environmental Effects in Asian Pacific Region” organized by UNEP at Bangkok, Thailand from December 15-17, 1999.


  1. Floral wealth and its adaptations in degraded Cholistan, Pakistan. In: “Desertification and Soil Degradation” (eds. G. V. Dobrovolskiy and G. S. Kust). International Scientific Conference. Institute of Soil Science of Moscow State University and Russian Academy of Sciences. November 11-15, 1999. Moscow, Russian Federation.


  1. Sustainability patterns of livestock in Cholistan desert, Pakistan. In: Proceedings of the Regional Symposium on Sustainable Development of Desert Communities, May 16-18, 2000. Yazd Islamic Republic of Iran


  1. Ethnobotanical evaluation of Cholistan desert. Paper submitted for publication in book titled ”Review Book on Ethnobotany”. Paper written jointly by Mohammad Arshad and Ghulam Akbar and submitted during September 2003 (in press).


  1. WWF in implementation of UN Conventions, CBD, CMS and Ramsar Conventions in Pakistan. Paper published in proceeding of the National Consultative Workshop on the Implementation of CBD, CMS and Ramsar conventions in Pakistan from 22 – 23 September 2005. Workshop jointly organized by the Ministry of Environment, Government of Pakistan, UNEP and IUCN – Pakistan.



  1. A survey of Smooth Coated Otters (Lutrogale perspicillata sindica) in the Sindh Province of Pakistan. Waseem Ahmad Khan, Mohammad Qasim, Ejaz Ahmad, Ghulam Akbar, Ali Hassan Habib, Hassan ALI, Faisal Mueen, Abdul Aleem Chaudhary, Shahid Iqbal, Hussain Bux Bhaagat, Mohammad Akhtar, Mohammad Shafiq Ahmad.

Book Chapters:

Khan, Muhammad Zafar, and Ghulam Akbar. “In the Indus delta it is no more the mighty Indus.” River Conservation and Management (2012): 69. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.



During the entire professional career stretched over 30 years, edited, compiled and authored a variety of resource material viz., posters, wall charts, flip charts, brochures, manuals, booklets and books for dissemination of scientific information and environmental awareness of selected target groups. Some of the salient publications are mentioned below.

  • Fourwing Saltbush (Atriplex canescens)” written in Urdu for farmers and general public and published by Arid Zone Research Centre, Quetta. February, 1991. Pp:16.
  • Co-author of “National Action Programme to Combat Desertification in Pakistan”.
  • Rangeland Research Institute: Research & Other Achievements (1999)”. A technical brochure of Rangeland Research Institute, NARC, Islamabad.
  • Sloping Agricultural Land Technologies”. Published by Rangeland Research Institute (PARC), Islamabad and ICIMOD, Nepal. (1999).
  • “Islam and Conservation”. Helped in compiling this book which was originally written in Urdu but later translated into English and Sindhi by WWF – Pakistan under MACP and Indus for All Programmes, respectively.
  • Compiled and edited “Training Manual for Master Trainers” (Urdu & English versions) developed under MAC Project 2003.
  • Compiled and edited two volumes of ““Training Manual for Master Trainers” (Urdu). The manual developed under Margallah Hills National Park Project, Islamabad.2003
  • Co-author of book on “Fundamentals of Environment”, Published by WWF-Pakistan. 2003 (Urdu version).
  • Co-author of booklet on “Convention on Biodiversity” (Urdu). Developed under MAC Project and published by WWF-Pakistan. 2004.
  • Author of “Resource Management Guidebook” (Urdu). A book published by WWF-Pakistan as supplementary reading material for teachers in environmental Education under European Commission Education project.2004.
  • Author of “Floral Guide of Indus Ecoregion” (English). This book is a colour guide of the most common flora of the Indus Ecoregion compiled over a period of three years intensive work of vegetation assessment. The book has been published by WWF-Pakistan.
  • Editor, compiler and co-author of book on “Wildlife of the Western Himalayan Region of Pakistan”. 2012. Published by WWF-Pakistan.
  • Editor and contributor of the “Coastal Lagoons to Alpine Pastures – A Guidebook”. It is a compiled compendium of over 50 Wetlands of Pakistan highlighting their socio-ecological profile based on field based assessments under Pakistan Wetlands Programme. The book in currently in print.
  • Common Trees of Westrern Himalyas”, a guide-book with coloured illustrations of mostly commonly found tree species in the western Himalyan region.
  • “Natural Treasures of Pakistan”. A coffee table book showing social, ecological and biodiversity glimpses of Pakistan across 11 ecological zones with high quality picures. The book has been published by WWF-Pakistan.
  • Biodiversity of Salt Range, Pakistan. This book provides a details account of the historic. Ecological and social aspects of Salt Range along with description of common species of Flora & Fauna.
  • Biodiversity of Taunsa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary. Likewise Salt Range, this book also provides information about the most common flora and fauna of the Tausa Barrage Wildlife Sanctuary (in Press).

Coastal Lagoons to Alpine Lakes. A guidebook to Pakistan’s significant wetlands edited by Rina Saeed Khan & Ghulam Akbar .

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